There are some dog training techniques that involve the use of force to hold the dog in a position until it submits to you as the alpha pack leader. This might mean dropping the dog and rolling it on its back and holding it there. It might also mean holding the dog's snout and staring into its eyes. These sorts of techniques are widely practiced throughout the world and can lead to aggression in dogs, attacks and the destruction of the relationship between a dog and its owner. They are also falsely based on wolf pack behavior.
When dogs are forced into these positions it will cause them humiliation and distress. Advocates of these methods say that the dogs are giving in to their higher position and for this reason they should be widely used. The dogs will submit but the question being raised is for how long and is the dog submitting to the handler's authority or just waiting to be released from a humiliating position?
Importantly, there is no way a person can act as quickly or as fiercely as a dog. It is simply not possible. We are not strong or quick enough so when people quickly grab their dogs by the neck or try to lie on top of their dogs to make them submit, even a medium size dog will be able to struggle free and the owner is risking getting bitten.
The biggest issue I have with training methods that use pain or humiliation is that you are setting a bench mark for your dog that says violence is an accepted method of control and it's OK to use it on other subordinate members of the pack. I have personally witnessed this very scenario where the lives of two young children were threatened by the family dog which despite lots of training was almost uncontrollable and quite vicious. Why? The family had been instructed to use alpha rolls and other techniques to get the dog under their control. They admitted to me that they felt uncomfortable and that although the dog submitted it did not really help curb its aggression, in fact, it increased it. More frightening; it was beginning to act strangely towards the children, staring and growling at them through the house windows.
When dogs live in a healthy pack environment they are more settled psychologically and physically. It is important that they know their position in the pack and that the pack offers them support, companionship and safety. Training techniques that involve the use of force, pain and humiliation are only doing the human equivalent of a slap in the face. Dogs may tolerate it for a while but will retaliate. If they are unhappy and stressed they may act out behaviors that may result in self harming or destruction.
I own and train large and small dogs. All dogs have a propensity to attack and will do so in a split second. Nonetheless, I am calm and confident and the dogs sense this. I am not physically strong enough to hold any dog down and nor would I want to. My dogs are obedient, relaxed and great fun to be with. I only use positive, reward based training. There is no need to cause them pain or humiliation, I reward wanted behavior and I don't reward unwanted behavior. There's more to it than that but the bond I have developed between us is built on trust and respect, not on pain or humiliation. Watch dogs that are positive trained. They are lighter on their feet, they hold their head high and if you look carefully you will see their joy and confidence shine in their eyes.