The traditional training is the most widely used training method for the last 100 years. This method is first developed by Konrad Most, a German dog trainer, in early 1900s. His method then is introduced in his country in the early 1920s, and then his student brought this method to the United States and disseminated in this country.
The traditional training says that training a dog consists of primary inducements and secondary inducements. Primary inducements result in the behavior you want to elicit from the dog, and secondary inducements are commands and signals. With combining of these inducements, you can condition the dog to response to commands and signals, the goal of any dog training.
Primary inducements can be a pleasant or an unpleasant experience for the dog. Pleasant experiences are often called rewards; it includes an object for the dog will eager to work for, such as food, verbal praise, or physical affection. For example, an owner encourages his puppy to come to him by sitting down and opening his arms in an inviting way. Another example is to use a treat to induce the dog to sit.
Unpleasant experiences are called corrections; it can be a check on the leash, a scaring body action, a very big tone of voice or throwing something at the dog. The unpleasant experiences’ purpose is to make the dog extinguish the unwanted behavior, so the correction must cause the feel of unpleasant for the dog, so he wants to avoid it and change his behavior. Furthermore, you must apply the correction immediately before and during the undesired behavior.
Classical conditioning is a type of learning that results from the association of two stimuli. A famous example is the experiment of Ivan Pavlov that involving ringing a bell before feeding his dogs. After a number of repetitions, his dogs came to him when he rang the bell, even when there was no food. By combining the sound of bell with the food, the dogs learn to come to the sound of the bell.
Operant conditioning describes the effects of a trainer’s particular action on the future occurrence of an animal’s behavior. There are four quadrants to operant conditioning.
1. Positive reinforcement – following a behavior with something the dog understands as pleasant will increase the behavior.
2. Negative punishment – following a behavior with removing something the dog perceives as pleasant will decrease the behavior.
3. Positive punishment – following a behavior with something the dog understands as unpleasant will decrease the behavior.
4. Negative reinforcement – following a behavior with something the dog perceives as unpleasant will increase the behavior.
To summarize, all this information about traditional training and operant conditioning is very simple
– Acceptable behaviors result in pleasant experiences.
– Unacceptable behaviors result in unpleasant experiences.
– All behaviors have consequences.